Vasoconstriction, 321
Vasodilation, 97, 321
Vastus interm edius, 183t
Vastus lateralis, 183t
Vastus medialis, 183t
Veins, 312, 326-330, 326f—327f, 329f
Venipuncture, 299
Ventricles, 200, 201f, 312
Ventricular systole, 316
Ventricular tachycardia, 316
Venules, 320f, 326-330
Vertebrae, 127, 128f-129f
Vertebral arch, 127
Vertebral column, 127, 128f-129f
Vertebral foram en, 127
Vertebral veins, 328
Very-low density lipoproteins, 421
Vesicles, 62
Vestibular apparatus, 243
Vestibular nuclei, 244
Vestibule, 478
Vestibulocochlear nerve, 243
Villi, 408
Viscera, 13
Visceral layer, serous m em branes and, 83
Visceral (single-unit) muscle tissue,
166, 166f
Visceral senses, 228f
Vision
accessory structures and, 235-236, 235f
refraction and accomm odation and,
238-239, 238f-239f
structural layers and, 236, 237f
visual pathway, 240, 240f
Vital capacity, 378
Vitam in D, 36, 102
Vitamins, 416
Vitiligo, 95
Vitreous body, 236
Vocal cords, 373
Volume, 22
Vomer, 126
Vulva, 478
W
W aste excretion, kidneys and, 439
W ater
balance, 455-456, 455f
chemical reactions and, 31-32
conservation, nephron loop and,
448-449, 448f
distribution in body, 453, 453f
heat absorption and release and, 32
liquid to gas change and, 32
lubrication and, 32
reabsorption and, 456, 456f
W ater-soluble vitamins, 416
Wave sum m ation, 164
W eight loss, 426
W hite blood cells, 289f, 290, 449t
W hite fibrous capsule, 472f
W hite m atter, 207
W hite pulp, 349, 349f
Wound healing, 100, 100f—101f
W right’s stain, 290f
W rist, muscles that move, 181, 181f, 181t
X
X-rays, 15f
Xiphoid process, 131
Y
Yawning, 380t
Yellow bone marrow, 114
Z
Z-discs, 165-166
Zygomatic bones, 126
Zygomaticus m ajor muscle, 173t
Zygote, 488
Index 569
previous page 604 Craig Freudenrich, Gerard J  Tortora   Visualizing Anatomy and Physiology   2011 read online Home Toggle text on/off