innate im m unity and, 350f
muscles of, 236, 236f
structural layers and, 236, 237f
Eyeballs, 174, 174f, 174t, 236, 237f
Eyelids, 174, 174f, 174t
F
Facial bones, 123-126
Facial expressions, 173-174, 173f, 173t
Facilitated diffusion, 59, 59f
Fallopian tubes, 476, 477f
False ribs, 131
Fascicle, 157
Fast glycolytic fibers, 165
Fast oxidative-glycolytic fibers, 165
Fat-soluble vitamins, 416
Feces, 414
Feedback systems, 8-9, 8f-9f
Feet, 184, 184f, 184t
Female reproductive system.
See also
Labor; Pregnancy
aging and, 502-503, 502f-503f
breast and m am m ary gland anatomy,
478, 479f
contraception and, 485-487, 486t
fertilization, 485-487
follicular developm ent, 481, 481f
horm onal changes and birth, 498-500
lactation and, 500, 501f
oogenesis and, 480-482, 481f
organs of, 476-479, 477f
ovarian follicle developm ent, 480, 480f
pregnancy, 488-497
reproductive cycle, 482-484, 483f
vulva com ponents, 478, 478f
Fem oral veins, 330
Femur, 133
Fertilization, 470, 485-487, 489f
Fetal circulation, 493f
Fetal developm ent, 492-496, 493f-495f
Fever, 353, 353f
Fibrin, 294
Fibrinogen, 294
Fibrinolysis, 294
Fibrocartilaginous callus form ation, 121f
Fibrous capsule, 136
Fibrous joints, 136, 137f
Fibrous proteins, 36
Fibrous tunic, 236
Fibula, 133
Fibularis longus, 184t
Fight-or-flight responses, 275-277, 276f
Filtration m em brane, 446
Fim briae, 476
Fingers, 181, 181f, 181t
Fingerstick, 299
First-degree burns, 103f
Fixators, 169
Flagella, 54
Flat bones, 114, 116
Flatus, 414
Flavin adenine dinucleotide, 418
Flexor carpi radialis, 181t
Flexor carpi ulnaris, 181t
Flexor digitorum longus, 184t
Floating ribs, 131
Fluids, 31-34
Follicle-stim ulating hormone (FSH), 257,
273, 475
Follicles, 262
Follicular cells, 262
Fontanels, 126f, 127
Foot structure, 133
Foram en, 123
Foram en magnum , 123
Foram en ovale, 492
Forced expiratory volume (FEV), 379
Forearm muscles, 181, 181f, 181t
Formed elem ents, blood, 288, 289f
Fractures, 120-121, 120f, 121f
Frank-Sterling Law, 318
Freckles, 95
Free nerve endings, 95
Free radicals, 29-31
Frontal bone, 123
Frontal plane, 12, 12f
Fundus, 476
G
Gallbladder, 401f, 410, 415t
G am etes, 67, 470
Ganglion, 195
Ganglionic cells, 236
Gap junctions, 72
Gas, 22
Gas exchange, 374, 382-385, 383f
Gastric banding, 425
Gastric bypass, 425
Gastric em ptying, 406
Gastric juices, 406
Gastric lipase, 406, 407f
Gastric pits, 406
G astrin, 274f, 407f, 412, 412t
Gastrocnem ius, 184t
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
(GERD), 405
G astrointestinal tract
functions of, 400-401, 400f-401f
layers of, 402-403, 404f
peritoneum and, 402-403, 402f
G astrulation, 490
G ender
heart rate and, 319
urethral structures and, 451, 451f
G eneral adaptation syndrome, 275
Genes, 64
Genetic instructions, 40-42
G erm layers, 490
G erm inal epithelium , 480
G estational diabetes, 268
Ghrelin, 424
Gigantism , 260, 260f
Glands of the skin, 98, 98f
Glandular epithelium , 72, 73
Glaucoma, 337
Glenoid cavity, 132
Gliding, 138
Globular proteins, 36
G lom erular blood hydrostatic
pressure, 446f
G lom erular filtration, 444-447, 446f
Glom erulonephritis, 462
Glomerulus, 440
Glottis, 373
Glucagon, 267, 267f
Glucocorticoid secretion, 271, 271f
Glucocorticoids, 271-272
Gluconeogenesis, 420
Glucose, 418, 420, 420f, 449t
Glucose-6-phosphate (G6P), 421
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic
hormone, 274f
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic
peptide, 409f
Gluteal region muscles, 182-183,
182f, 183t
Gluteus maximus, 183t
Gluteus medius, 183t
Glycemic index, 426
Glycemic load, 426
Glycogen, 35-36, 162f, 163
Glycogenolysis, 420
Glycolipids, 52
Glycolysis, 419, 419f
Glycoproteins, 52
Glycosis, 163
Golgi complex, 55, 55f
Gonadal arteries, 322
Gonadotropin-inhibiting hormone, 487
G onadotropin-releasing horm one, 259,
259t, 273
Gonads, 272-273
Gonorrhea, 486
Gracilis, 183t
Graded potentials, 197
Grafts, skin, 104
G ranular white blood cells, 290, 290f
Graves disease, 264, 264f, 361
Gray m atter, 207
G reat saphenous veins, 328
Greenstick fractures, 120, 120f
Growth, 6, 7f
Growth-hormone inhibiting hormone
(GHIH), 259, 259t
Growth-hormone releasing hormone
(GHRH), 259, 259t
Gustation, 232, 234, 234f
Gustatory receptors, 234
Index 561
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