Index
Note: “f ” after a page num ber indicates
the entry is found in a figure; “t” indicates
the entry is found in a table.
A
Abdominal aorta, 321
Abdominal muscles, 177, 177f, 177t, 377f
Abdominopelvic cavity, 14, 14f
ABO blood groups, 296-298, 297f
Abstinence, 485
Accessory digestive organs, 401
Accessory structures of eye, 235-236, 235f
Accommodation, 239
Acetabulum , 132
Acetam inophen, 430
Acetyl coenzyme A, 419, 419f, 422
Acetylcholine (Ach), 199
Acidosis, 460
Acids, 32, 32f
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
(AIDS), 362-364, 363f
Acromegaly, 260, 260f
Acrosome, 473
Actin, 157f, 169
Action potentials, 197, 197f
Active immunity, 360
Active sites, 39
Active transport, 62, 62f
Acupressure, 231
A cupuncture, 231
Adaptation, 229
Adaptive immunity, 350, 354-359,
354f-355f, 360, 360t
Addison’s disease, 272
Adductor group, 183t
Adductor longus, 183t
Adductor magnus, 183t
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), 42, 43f
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
catabolic and anabolic reactions and,
418, 418f
cellular respiration and, 418-419, 419f
cyclic AMP and, 256
m etabolic reactions and, 34
muscle fatigue and, 163
protein m etabolization and, 421
structure and function of, 42, 43f
Adherens junctions, 72
Adipose tissue, 275f
Adjuvant analgesics, 231
A drenal androgens, 272
A drenal glands, 269-272, 269f
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH),
271-272
Aerobic respiration, 162f, 163, 419
Afferent arteriole, 440
Afferent lym phatic vessels, 347, 348f
Afferent (sensory) nervous system, 193
Afferent neurons, 195
Age (liver) spots, 95
A gglutinate, 296
Aging
arthritis and, 145, 145f
bone mass and, 144
endocrine system and, 278-279,
278f-279f
heart rate and, 319
hom eostasis and, 10
osteoporosis and, 144, 144f
reproductive capacity and, 502-503,
502f-503f
respiratory system and, 391, 391f
skeletal system and, 144-145
skin and, 105-106, 105f
Agonist muscles, 169
A granular white blood cells, 290, 290f
Airway irritation, breathing and, 388
Albinism, 95
Albinos, 95
Albumin, 449t
Album inuria, 447
Aldosterone, 270, 448, 448f, 457f
Alkalosis, 460
Allergen, 360
Allergies, 360
Alveolar m acrophages, 391
Alveolar process, 123
Alveoli, 374, 375f
Alzheim er disease, 204, 204f
Amino acids, 36, 38f
Amnion, 491
Am niotic fluid, 491
A m phiarthrosis, 136
Ampulla, 244
Anabolic reactions, 418, 418f
Anabolism, 31, 475
Anaphase, 67, 69f
Anaphylactic shock, 335, 360
Anastomoses, 319
Anatom ic dead space, 378
Anatom ic regions, 10-11
Anatom ical planes and sections,
10-11, 11f
Anatom ical position, 10-11, 11f
Androgenic alopecia, 97
Androgens, 97, 272
Anemia, 300
Anesthetics, 231
Angiotensin converting enzyme, 457f
Angiotensinogen, 457f
Angular movements, joints, 138f-139f, 139
Anions, 27, 32
Anodes, 27
A ntagonist muscles, 169
A nterior pituitary lobe, 258
A nterior tibial veins, 328
Anti-inflam m atory analgesics, 231
Antibodies, 36, 296, 348
Antibody-m ediated immunity, 354,
358-359, 358f
A nticoagulant chemicals, 300
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
w ater and blood pressure levels and,
261, 261f
w ater reabsorption and, 257, 448, 448f,
455-456, 456f
A ntiepileptic drugs, 231
A ntigen-presenting cell, 356, 356f
Antigens, 350
Antim icrobial proteins, 352, 352f
Antim icrobial substances, 352, 352f
Antioxidants, 30, 416
Antiporters, 447
Aorta, 312, 321
Apical surface, 72
Aplastic anem ia, 300
Apnea, 380
Apneustic area, 386
Apocrine, 98
Apoptosis, 94
Appendicular skeleton, 122, 122f
Aqueous humor, 236
Arch of the aorta, 321
Arches, 133
Areola, 479f
Areolar connective tissue, 93
Arm muscles, 180, 180f, 180t
Arms, 132
A rrector pili, 96
Arrhythm ias, 316
A rterial stick, 299
A rteries
blood flow and, 312
norm al and obstructed, 319, 319f
structure of, 321-324, 321f
in systemic circulation, 322f-323f
Arterioles, 320f, 321-324, 324f
A rthritis, 145, 145f
A rticular cartilage, 136
Articulations, 114, 136-142, 137f
Artificial blood, 298
Artificial skin, 104
Artificially acquired active immunity, 360
Artificially acquired passive immunity, 360
Ascending aorta, 321
Aspirin, 430
Astrocytes, 196
Atherosclerosis, 30, 319
Atherosclerotic plaques, 319
Atomic number, 24
Atoms
compounds and, 26-31
elem ents and, 24-26, 24f-25f
Atrial fibrillation, 316
Atrial flutter, 316
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), 455, 456
Atrial systole, 316
Atrium , 312
Autoim m une diseases, 361
Autoimmunity, 145, 361
Index 557
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