Self-Test
(Check your answers in Appendix C.)
1.
The term__________correctly
describes the relationship indi-
cated as B on this figure.
a. inferior
b. superior
c. proximal
d. distal
D
Liver
Stomach
Use this figure for questions 2-3.
2.
In this figure, the position of the stomach is __________rela-
tive to the liver.
a. proximal
b. distal
c. superior
d. inferior
3. The system shown in the figure___________ .
a. distributes oxygen and nutrients to body tissues and re-
moves carbon dioxide and wastes
b. chemically coordinates various body functions
c. breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, and excretes solid
waste
d. controls the ionic composition of the blood and removes
wastes
4. The ___________ is the part of a feedback system that re-
ceives output.
a. receptor
b. effector
c. control center
d. controlled condition
5. Aerobic respiration is a physiological process that breaks
down glucose into carbon dioxide and water, while capturing
chemical energy into ATP. The life process that best describes
this pathway is ___________ .
a. movement
b. reproduction
c. responsiveness
C
D
6. Which quadrant would best pinpoint the location of a patient's
stomach pain?
a.
A
b. B
c. C
d. D
7. A patient has injured his scapula. The common name for this
body part is the___________ .
(H in t:
See Figure 1.5b.)
a. hip
b. shoulder
c. shoulder blade
d. arm
d.
metabolism
18 CHAPTER 1
Organization of the Human Body
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