T h e f e m
a l e r e p r o d u c t i v e s y s t e m
F i g u r e 1 6 . 6
External urethral orifice
Sagittal section showing female reproductive organs
is the funnel-shaped
end of the uterine tube that lies near
the ovary but is open to the pelvic
cavity. Finger-like projections called
fimbriae catch the egg released from
the ovary and direct it into the tube.
, or birth canal, is a
muscular tube that extends from the
uterine cervix to the outside. It
receives the male’s penis during
intercourse and is the pathway that
the fetus traverses during labor.
uterine (fallopian) tubes
eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
Fertilization usually occurs here.
(female gonads) produce
eggs and hormones (
implants the fertilized egg and
houses the developing fetus
during pregnancy and labor.
is the narrow portion of
the uterus opening into the vagina.
is elevated adipose
tissue covered by skin and pubic
hair that cushions the pubic
are longitudinal folds of skin
extending down from the mons pubis
that cover the vagina and urethral
• Labia minora contains oil glands.
• Labia majora contains adipose
tissue, oil glands, and pubic hair.
of the female reproductive organs
Fimbriae of uterine tube
is the uterine
smooth muscle layer.
Cervix of the uterus
Uterine (fallopian) tube
B o d y
of the uterus
The Reproductive Organs Make, Deliver, and Receive the Sex Cells