Self-Test
(Check your answers in Appendix C.)
1.
In general, carbon dioxide is tran sp o rted in th e blood
a. dissolved in solution
b. bound to hem oglobin
c. bound to o th er proteins
d. as bicarbonate ions
Use this figure to answ er questio ns 2-4.
A
C
B
2. The lung capacity indicated by D is known a s
_____
a. vital capacity
b. inspiratory capacity
c. total lung capacity
d. expiratory capacity
3. The rate indicated by C would be used to diagnose
a. restrictive pulm onary disease
b. obstructive pulm onary disease
c. defect in pulm onary gas exchange
d. defect in respiratory cen ter activity
4. The lung volum e indicated by A is
_______ .
a. tidal volum e
b. inspiratory reserve volum e
c. expiratory reserve volum e
d. residual volum e
5.
W hich lung volum e cannot be m easured using a spirom eter?
a. tidal volum e
b. inspiratory reserve volum e
c. expiratory reserve volum e
d. residual volum e
6.
W hich area of th e respiratory cen ter is activated during forced
exhalation?
a. inspiratory area
c. expiratory area
b. ap neustic area
d. pneum otaxic area
Use this figure to answ er questio ns 7-9.
7.
Which of th e labeled areas produ ces sounds?
a. A
c. C
b. B
d. D
D
B
8. To inhale, th e respiratory m uscles pull on which of th e follow-
ing structures?
a. A
c. C
b. B
d. D
9. In which labeled stru ctu re would you find the olfactory
epithelia?
a. A
c. C
b. B
d. D
10. Which of th e following areas has the highest PC^ ?
a. tissu e cells
b. alveoli
c. pulm onary capillaries
d. left atrium
11. Sm okers often h a v e ________.
a. asthm a
b. pulm onary edem a
c. chronic obstructive pulm onary disease
d. pneum onia
12. T h e ________m uscle is used exclusively for forced exhalation.
a. diaphragm
b. sternocleidom astoid
c. external intercostal
d. internal intercostal
396 CHAPTER 13
The Respiratory System
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