—These movements are increases
or decreases in the angle of articulating bones. Angular
movements include flexion, extension, hyperextension,
abduction, adduction, and circumduction (Figure 5.14a).
—In this type of movement, a bone revolves
around its own longitudinal axis.
rotation) turns the body part towards the midline, while
(external rotation) turns it away from the
midline (Figure 5.14b).
depression, protraction, retraction, inversion, eversion,
dorsiflexion, plantar flexion, supination, and pronation
bone revolves around its
Special movements: occur only