Key Terms
• active transport 62
• adherens junction 72
• anaphase 67
• cardiac muscle 81
• carrier 59
• catalase 55
• cell culture 83
• cell cycle 67
• cell division 50
• cell junction 72
• centriole 53
• centrosome 53
• cerebrospinal fluid 57
• channel 59
• chondrocyte 78
• chromatin 57
• chromosome 57
• cilia 54
• columnar epithelium 72
• concentration 57
• concentration gradient 57
• connective tissue 72
• covering and lining epithelium 72
• crossing over 70
• cuboidal epithelium 72
• cytoplasm 50
• cytoskeleton 53
• cytosol 53
• desmosome 72
• diffusion 58
• diploid 67
• electrically coupled transporter 62
• endocrine gland 73
• endocytosis 62
• endoplasmic reticulum (ER) 54
• epithelial membrane 82
• epithelial tissue 72
• exchanger 62
• exocrine gland 73
• exocytosis 64
• facilitated diffusion 59
• facilitated transport 59
• flagellum 54
• gamete 67
• gap junction 72
• genes 64
• glandular epithelium 72
• glycolipid 52
• glycoprotein 52
• Golgi complex 55
• haploid 71
• hemidesmosome 72
• histology 71
• homologous 70
• hormone 63
• hypertonic 61
• hypotonic 61
• integral protein 52
• intermediate filament 53
• interphase 67
• interstitial fluid 57
• isotonic 61
• lipid bilayer 52
• lymph 57
• lysosome 55
• meiosis 67
• membrane 82
• mesothelium 83
• messenger RNA (mRNA) 65
• metaphase 67
• microfilament 53
• microtubule 53
• microvilli 53
• mitochondria 56
• mitochondrial crista 56
• mitochondrial matrix 56
• mitosis 67
• mucosa 82
• mucous membrane 82
• muscle fiber 81
• muscular tissue 72
• nerve cell 81
• nervous tissue 72
• neuroglia 81
• neuron 81
• nuclear envelope 57
• nuclear pore 57
• nucleolus 57
• nucleus 50
• organelle 50
• osmosis 60
• oxidase 55
• oxidative phosphorylation 56
• parietal layer 83
• pathologist 71
• pericardium 83
• peripheral protein 52
• peritoneum 83
• peroxisome 55
• phagocytosis 63
• phagosome 63
• pinocytosis 63
• plasma 57
• plasma membrane 50
• pleura 83
• pore 59
• promoter 65
• prophase 67
• protease 55
• proteasome 55
• pseudopod 63
• pseudostratified epithelium 73
• pump 62
• receptor 63
• receptor-mediated
endocytosis 63
• ribosome 54
• RNA polymerase 65
• rough ER (RER) 54
• sarcoplasmic reticulum 55
• selective permeability 52
• serosa 82
• serous fluid 83
• serous membrane 82
• simple epithelium 73
• skeletal muscle 81
• smooth ER (SER) 55
• smooth muscle 81
• sodium-potassium pump (Na+/
K+ pump, or Na+/K+-ATPase) 62
• solute 57
• solvent 57
• somatic cell 67
• squamous epithelium 72
• stratified epithelium 73
• synovial fluid 83
• synovial membrane 83
• telomere 84
• telophase 67
• terminator 65
• tetrad 70
• tight junction 72
• tissue 71
• tissue culture 83
• tissue engineering 83
• transcription 65
• transfer RNA (tRNA) 67
• transitional epithelium 73
• translation 67
• transport protein 59
• vesicle 62
• visceral layer 83
86 CHAPTER 3
Cells and Tissues
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